Between each vertebrae in your spine lies a rubbery disc that is made of a tough, cartilage-based outer layer and gel-like center. When the inner layer of a disc leaks out, escaping through the outer layer, you are experiencing a herniated disc.


A herniated disc can be painful, annoying, and frustrating. Understanding what is happening in your spine can help you find the best care possible.

What Causes a Herniated Disc?

A herniated disc is most common in the lumbar, or lower, portion of the spine, but can occur in any part of the spine. The bones, called vertebrae, that comprise your spine are stacked to form a column. Between each vertebrae is a protective disc. When the gel-like center of a disc slips through a weakened area of the tough outer layer, you may have a herniated disc.

Injury or age-related wear and tear can lead to a weakened or damaged outer layer of a disc that commonly results in a herniated disc. When the gel-like center of a disc leaks out, it can put pressure on nearby nerves. This irritation results in pain.

What Are the Symptoms of a Herniated Disc?

The location of the herniated disc plays a significant role in the symptoms that manifest. A herniated disc is in the cervical or upper neck area of the spine could show symptoms in your arms. A herniated disc is in the lumbar or lower area of the spine could show symptoms in your hips or legs.

Common symptoms include:

  • Pain
  • Weakness
  • Numbness
  • Tingling

If you think you are experiencing the symptoms of a herniated disc, you may need treatment. Find your condition below with our online condition tool.


Trying to find the best treatment and care for your herniated disc condition can be overwhelming. How do you know what is the best option? Learn how a herniated disc is treated below.

Non-Surgical Treatments for a Herniated Disc

Typically, the experts at Oasis Orthopedic and Spine will begin a herniated disc treatment with non-surgical options. Common non-surgical treatment options for a herniated disc includes:

  • Over-the-counter or prescription medications
  • Physical therapy
  • Cortisone injections
  • Heat/cold therapy
  • Stretching exercises and activity modifications

Surgical Treatments for a Herniated Disc

If a herniated disc is severe, or non-surgical options do not provide relief from symptoms, the experts at Oasis Orthopedic and Spine may recommend a surgical treatment. Surgery could remove all or a portion of the herniated disc. Common surgical treatments for a herniated disc includes:

Whether your herniated disc treatment is non-surgical or surgical, seeking help is the first step. Find the right treatment for you with our treatment finder below.


[Since my bulging disc correction] I haven't had pain in my leg at all and had only a little pain in my back from my surgery, but zero pain in my legs, the sciatica is gone.

Edward, age 55, bulging disc injury

Today my back and hip feel tremendous. My legs are still a bit weak, possibly from nerve damage that occurred prior to surgery. I’m going to physical therapy 3 times per week. I was back at work on November 15th, 3 weeks after surgery.

Robert, age 58,
history of disc herniation and previous surgeries

Nobody likes to be injured and neck surgery is a delicate procedure, but Dr. Massoud explained what needed to be done, which made me feel more comfortable. [Post-surgery] I felt great, and today the pain is completely gone.

Francisco, Age 48, Cervical Injury

Dr. Patel was so nice and explained everything to me. He likes to see the MRI images and see for himself what shows up on our report. He answered all my questions and I was able to get a late appointment (and by late i mean [past] 6pm).

L. Mercado, Little Ferry, NJ


Is your injury automobile-related? Start on your path to healing by calling us today at
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